Invasive Plants


NSW WeedWise iconNSW WeedWise contains key information to help users reduce the impact of over 300 weeds in New South Wales.

Users, ranging from home gardeners and residents to farmers, land managers and weeds professionals, can search or browse weed names (common or scientific); recognise a weed by its physical description and image gallery; and find out about its impacts, where it occurs, how it spreads and its preferred habitat.

Control options are described for each weed and the herbicides registered for control by the Australian Pesticide and Veterinary Medicines Authority are listed, including application rates and techniques, and any minor-use permits that must be complied with.

General, state or regional biosecurity duties under the Biosecurity Act 2015 are displayed for each weed.

NSW WeedWise can be accessed as web pages or as a smartphone app

Android app on Google PlayApple App store


Weed Alert

New weeds reported in our Shire to actively look for on your property

September 2021 - Bellingen & Fernmount - Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes(PDF, 662KB)

Identification & Control - Biosecurity Act 2015

Invasive Plant Management now falls under the Biosecurity Act 2015 (replacing the repealed Noxious Weeds Act). The term ‘noxious’ and the class system is no longer used. Invasive Plant Management now operates on a priority scale, with state and regional priorities. The Biosecurity Act is tenue neutral, as the responsibilities apply equally to all land holders, whether public or private.

Any land managers and users of land have a General Biosecurity Duty - to ensure that biosecurity risks are prevent, eliminated or minimised so far as is reasonably practicable.

Weeds of the North Coast of NSW - A guide to identification and control

North Coast Regional Strategic Weed Management Plan 2017-2022

REPORT - Highest priority weeds for prevention and require reporting if found

These species are not known to be present in NSW or the North Coast region. Prevent these weeds from arriving and establishing in the region. Call 1800 680 244 or the Council Invasive Plants Officer on (02) 6655 7300 if you thin you have seen these weeds anywhere.

Ground Layer
Vines & Scramblers

ERADICATE - Second-highest priority weeds and require eradication if found

These species are either not present or present to a limited extent in NSW or the North Coast region. Eradicate these weeds be permanently removing of destroying all known infestations using the information found on NSW WeedWise. Contact the Council Invasive Plants Officer on 6655 7300.

  • Aleman Grass (Echinochloa polystachya)
  • Hymenachne (Hymenachne amplexicaulis)
  • Job's Tears (Coix lacryma-jobi)
  • Pampas Grass (Cortaderia selloana)
 Ground Layer
  • Chinese Violet (Asystasia gangetica subsp. Micrantha)
  • Tobacco Weed (Elephantopus mollis)
Vines & Scramblers
  • Leaf Cactus (Pereskia aculeata)
  • Moon Flower (Ipomoea alba)
  • Sicklethorn (Asparagus falcatus)
  • Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera)
  • Cape Broom (Genista monspessulana)
  • Gorse (Ulex europaeus)
  • Grey Swallow (Salix cinerea)
  • Mahonia (Berberis lomariifolia)
  • Ming Asparagus Fern (Asparagus macowanii)
  • Parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata)
  • Red Cestrum (Cestrum elegans)
  • Scotch Broom (Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius)
  • Seeded Banana (Musa spp.
  • Shoebutton Ardisia (Ardisia ellipticaI)
  • Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum)
  • White Blackberry (Rubus niveus)
  • Cecropia (Cecropia spp.)
  • Japanese Walnut (Juglans ailantifolia)
  • Paper Mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera)
  • Alligator Weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides)
  • Kidney Lead Mud Plantain (Heteranthea reniformis)
  • Senegal Tea Plant (Gymnocoronis spilanthoides)
  • Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)
  • Water Star Grass (Heteranthera zosterifolia)

CONTAIN - Third-highest priority weeds and require containment if found

These species have a limited distribution in NSW or the North Coast region. Contain these weeds by preventing the ongoing spread of the species. Use control information found on NSW WeedWise or pickup a handbook from Council to find information on how to proactively manage these weeds.

  • Giant Reed (Arundo donax)
Ground Layer
  • Asparagus Fern (Asparagus virgatus)
  • Blue Heliotrope (Heliotropium amplexicaule)
  • Glory Lily (Gloriosa superba)
Vines & Scramblers
  • Bridal Creeper (Asparagus asparagoides)
  • Kudzu (Pueraria lobata)
  • Bitou Bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata)
  • Cha-Om (Senegalia pennata)
  • Devil's Fig (Solanum torvum)
  • Giant Devil's Fig (Solanum chrysotrichum)
  • Green Cestrum (Cestrum parqui)
  • Groundsel Bush (Baccharis halimifolia)
  • Groundsel Bush (Baccharis halimifolia)
  • Mysore Thorn (Caesalpinia decapetala)
  • Black Locust (Robina pseudoacacia)
  • Black Willow (Salix nigra)
  • Broad-leaf Pepper Tree (Schinus terebinthifolius)
  • Chinese Celtis (Celtis Sinensis)
  • Chinese Tallow Tree (Triadica sebifera)
  • Cockspur Coral Tree (Erythria crista-galli)
  • Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)
  • Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala)
  • Hygrophila (Hygrophila costata)
  • East Indian Hygrophila (Hygrophila polysperma)
  • Long-Leaf Willow Primrose (Ludwigia longifolia)
  • Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

Widespread environmental weed species

These are the lowest priority weeds (from a biosecurity perspective). These species are widespread and unlikely to be eradicated or contained within the broader regional context. Use the control information found on NSW WeedWise or pick up a handbook from Council to find information on how to manage these weeds to prevent them from impacting on key assets.




Purchasing Property in Bellingen Shire

Due to the topographical and climatic features of the Shire the growth of vegetation is prolific and abundant. Unfortunately not all of this vegetation is desirable.

When purchasing a property make sure you are informed and aware of the presence of weeds and your responsibilities as a land owner under the Biosecurity Act 2015. Your beautiful paradise may well be a weed haven - requiring many years of hard work and resources to bring under control.

Ensure you have the capacity to uphold your General Biosecurity Duty to prevent, eliminate or minimise the spread of weeds. Contact your local Invasive Plants Officer for advice and to find out if there are any outstanding weed notices on your land.

If you are new to the Shire, we invite you to come into Council for FREE weed control Information.



Weed and Vegetation Management Program

Council continues to conduct its Weed and Vegetation Management Programs throughout the year. All works are subject to postponement depending upon weather conditions and other unforeseen circumstances.

View the Pesticide Use Notification(PDF, 73KB)

Council Wide Herbicide Review

Council is currently undertaking an independent review of all herbicide usage and a 6-month trial of alternative herbicides and/or other weed management methods within Bellingen Shire. The drivers for this project are Council’s commitment to the community and ecologically sustainable development, together with our in invasive weed management role.

Focus groups will take place shortly.